Introduction in Biochemistry – Chemical structures of cell - Cell components and functions related to Biochemistry - Bio membranes and their role in the vital transport - the importance of water for organisms and living cell - pH and Buffer Solutions and its roles in cells - Study the chemistry of organic compounds that are vital (Carbohydrates – Proteins – Lipids – Amino acids) in terms of: Identification of these compounds - vital importance – Classification – physical and chemical properties - most important interactions of these compounds - Study of enzymes, hormones, water-soluble vitamins and fat soluble vitamins.
- Chemical reactions for carbohydrates, protein, fatty acids and fat - Determination of some enzyme and one vitamin.
Course Objectives & Outcomes
- To recognize carbohydrates, and lipids, and proteins, and these materials of great importance in terms of human life provide him with the necessary energy to do all the vital processes.
- To calculate the number of similar of monosaccharide and triglycerides.
- To envision the structure of DNA and RNA.
- To recognize the enzymes and its role in the completion of all the vital processes within the body, as well as some of the hormones that play an important and essential in the process of metabolism and get the energy needed to perform all biological processes in the human body, such as the movement and digestion, respiration and growth …. etc.
- To identify the vitamins and their importance to the human body and the quantities needed by the body and how to use them.
- To recall that some scientific terminology in the field of biochemistry.
At the end of this course, the students will be able to:
- Know the classification of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, enzymes, vitamins and hormones.
- Cognitive to the Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Carbon Atom, optical isomerism, Epimers (aldose and ketose), Enantiomorphs (Enantiomers), and anomers.
- Show the general characteristics of Visualize Fischer, Visualize Haworth, Optical Isomer-in Cyclic Structure, (RNA and DNA structure).
- Recognize the Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure of Protein.
- Recognize the vitamins soluble in water and soluble in fat, Endocrines Glands and its hormones.
- Be aware of the physical and chemical properties of biochemistry compounds.
- Be aware of the importance of vitamins and hormones.
- Compare between the RNA and DNA, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, essential and nonessential amino acids, homoglycans and heteroglycans, Nucleotides and Nucleosides.
- Compare between the different kinds of biochemistry reactions, such as oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis hydrogenation and (oxidation and rancidity) in fat reactions.
- Study the various important uses of medical and industrial for biochemistry compounds.
- Harvey, R. and Ferrier, D.: Lippincott illustrated review biochemistry 5th edition (2011). ISBN 0-07-138901-6, ISSN 1043-9811.
- Lippincott’s Illustrated Reviews: Biochemistry Fifth Edition, Harvey and Ferrier, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a Wolters Kluwer, 351 West Camden Street, Baltimore, Philadelphia, PA 19103. ISBN 978-1-60831-412-6.
- Principles of Biochemistry (Second Edition) A. L. Lehninger; D. L. Nelson and M. M. Cox (1993). (English Version).
Course ID: BIOCH 401
|Credit hours||Theory||Practical||Laboratory||Lecture||Studio||Contact hours||Pre-requisite||4||3||2||5||CHEM 304 - CHEM 305|