Introduction, the system and its environment, the first law of thermodynamics, internal energy, heat, work, enthalpy, heat capacities, thermochemistry, Thomson-Joule effect, entropy and second law of thermodynamics, Ideal gas relationship, Carnot cycle of ideal gases, the third law of thermodynamics, the study of the free energies, Maxwell relations, Clapeyron equation, Clausius and Clapeyron equation, thermodynamic derivation of the equilibrium constant, the effect of temperature on the equilibrium constant.
Determination of the heat of neutralization, the heat of solution formation, the heat of dilution, the heat capacity of calorimeter, the specific heat capacity of an unknown metal, the solubility product for sparingly soluble salt, the effect of temperature on the value of change in Gibbs free energy and entropy, the distribution coefficient and the strength of the hydrogen bond from calculating the change of the enthalpy by the method of distribution. Study the solubility product and common ion effect.
Course Objectives & Outcomes
- The student learns the importance of chemical thermodynamics, Student discusses the provisions of the first, second, and third laws of thermodynamics.
- Students use the laws of thermodynamics to study chemical reactions and the factors influencing them and know how to apply the values of the free energies to study chemical reactions.
- Appling the principles of chemical thermodynamics in practical applications.
At the end of this course, the students will be able to:
- Recognize the essential facts, terminology, major concepts and principles of Thermochemistry.
- Explain major thermochemistry applications in solving physical chemistry problems. Summarize the main implications and applications that derive from the laws of thermodynamics in chemistry.
- Interpret chemical reactivity from thermodynamic data.
- Evaluate student's ability to work constructively in groups.
- Atkins’ Physical Chemistry 9th edition P. Atkins and J. de Paula, ISBN-13: 978-0199543373.
- G. Castellan “Physical Chemistry”. 3rd ed. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1983. ISBN: 9780201103861.
- P. Houston” Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics” New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2001. ISBN: 9780072435375.
- C.R. Metz, "Theory and Problems of Physical Chemistry", Schaum's Outline Series in Science, McGRAW – HILL Book Company, New York (1976). ISBN: 9780070417090.
- S. Glasstone and D. Lewis, " Element of Physical Chemistry",2nd Edition, The Macmillan Press LTD, London (1982). URI: http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/2037531
- W.J. Moore, “Basic Physical Chemistry", Prentice – Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey (1983). ISBN: 9780130577030.
Course ID: CHEM 306
|Credit hours||Theory||Practical||Laboratory||Lecture||Studio||Contact hours||Pre-requisite||3||2||2||4||CHEM 207 - MATH 310|