The course involves studying the structures and purposes of basic components of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells(animal and plant), especially macromolecules(proteins, carbohydrates and nucleic acids), membranes and organelles structure. Furthermore, how these cellular components are used to generate and utilize energy in the cells. Also, it involves understanding the cellular components underlying the mitotic cell division (cell cycle). The course involves examples of changes in cell functions in response to the environmental or physical changes that cause mutations (apoptosis, necrosis and cancer).
The practical component of this course involves the following: Illustrations of micrographs taken with light and electron microscopes and slide sections for different types of cells and organelles and distinguishing between them. In addition to, demonstration of cytoskeleton and cell modifications. This component also deals with ways to prepare onion epidermis slides, a demonstration of the starch in potato, a demonstration of aleurone granules in wheat and castor, and a demonstration of chloroplasts and chromoplast.
Course Objectives & Outcomes
At the end of this course, the student will be able to:
- Identify of the cell organelles and their functions.
- Explain of the important cellular processes like cellular respiration and protein trafficking.
- Correlate between the organelles structure and functions.
- Explain structure and function of cell membrane and identify key receptors.
- Differentiate between the plant cell and animal cell, their modifications and characteristic features.
- Focus on the chemical structure of the cell.
- Differentiate between apoptosis , necrosis & cancer
- Differentiate between various cellular-architecture using light microscopes, and the micrographs in labs.
1. Jeff Hardin and Gregory Bertoni .( 2016) Becker´s world of the cell.9th edition .Pearson
2. Stephen R. Bolsover, Jeremy S. Hyams, Elizabeth A. Shephard, Hugh A. White and Claudia G. Wiedemann. (2004) CELL BIOLOGY. A Short Course. 2nd edition WILEY-LISS AJOHN & SONS, INC
3. Alberts B., Johnson A., Lewis J., Raff M., Roberts K. and Walter P. (2002). Molecular biology of the cell .4th edition, Garland science of Taylor & Francis group U.S.A.
Course ID: BIOL 206
|Credit hours||Theory||Practical||Laboratory||Lecture||Studio||Contact hours||Pre-requisite||3||3||3||6||BIOL 204|